Volkswagen Beetle


VW Beetle motor world

The Volkswagen Beetle is a 2 door, four passenger car that was manufactured between 1938 and 2003, and has become an iconic piece of automobile history. Officially called the Volkswagen Type 1, commonly known in Germany as the Käfer (translated as “beetle” in english) was designed by Ferdinand Porsche between 1934 and 1938, but not mass produced until 1945. It is the longest running and most manufactured car of a single platform ever made.

Original specifications derived from a meeting in 1934 stated that Germany required a basic vehicle that could transport two adults and three children at 100 km/h while not exceeding seven litres of fuel for every 100 km travelled. Economy played a huge role in the Beetle's design which ensured that engine pieces and auto parts could be quickly and inexpensively changed. It was also stated that the engine had to be powerful enough for easy sustained cruising upon the new Autobahn systems in Germany. It was also designed to be as mechanically simple as possible, with an air cooled engine to reduce trips to the mechanic and compact torsion bars acting as suspension.
It was awarded fourth place in 1999 in a Car of the Century competition, the goal of which was to determine the most influential motor of the 20th Century.
The original design had 25 horsepower and could reach top speeds of roughly 100 km/h, however as speed limits were increased after the war, the demand for a higher output meant the horsepower was boosted to 36, and thereafter to 40. It was the most influential rear wheel drive car with a rear engine that began a trend of similar motors to be produced by Fiat and Renault, increasing production of this configuration from 2.6% in continental Europe in 1946 to 26.6% in 1956.
in 1998 Volkswagen released a newer version of the beetle which remained in production until 2010 before being replaced in 2011 by the Beetle A5. The Beetle undertook many revisions and updates between 1938 and 2003 when production of the classic style ceased in Mexico. Updates included a convertible version in 1948, the adding of hydraulic brakes and the option of a folding sunroof in 1950, window enlargements in 1965 and higher mounted C section bumpers in 1968.
The Beetle has also been modified for drag racing due to the weight distribution in the car allowing for maximum grip off the starting line. Because of the RR layout, wheelies are possible and wheelie bars have been added to models modified for drag racing.
The Beetle has also been entered into rallies in European contests in the 60s and 70, most notably between 1971 and 1973 when Volkswagen had their peak racing performance with the VW 1302S and 1303S, known as the Salzburg Rally Beetle and achieved some victories in 1973 on Elba for overall and class, Acropolis for class, and the Austrian championship in 1972.
The Beetle is a very influential vehicle which is recognized world wide and revolutionized the way that we drive in automotive history. It will not be easily forgotten with time.


The German Autobahn


German Autobahn

The Autobahn is the federal controlled highway system in Germany, world famous for it's lack of speed limits for around 50% of the total network, although an estimated further 15% of the enforced speed limits are only temporary. These sections do come with advisory speed limit of 130km/h (80 mp/h). Quickly expanded by the Third Reich in the 20's and 30's for military benefits, these roads have become amongst the favourites of drivers all over the world.

Obviously, travelling above these speeds is not advised and increases the chance of an accident, the drivers liability, and the chances of a fatality or serious injury in the event of an accident, however these high speeds allow users of the Autobahn to travel between cities extremely quickly on smooth and direct roads. The official statement in The German Highway Code, when translated into English, states that “any person driving a vehicle may only drive so fast that the car is under control. Speeds must be adapted to the road, traffic, visibility and weather conditions as well as the personal skills and characteristics of the vehicle and load.” Speed limits are enforced in urban areas and around road works.
Getting a licence to drive in Germany is hard, and reckless driving is not tolerated on the Autobahn. There are 14 required theory lessons and required driving lessons also, and there are formal courses in high speed car control as a car behaves very differently when driven above 90mp/h. German drivers on the Autobahn are well schooled which keeps accidents to a minimum. German drivers also adhere to the left lane passing rules very strictly (bear in mind they drive on the right in Germany) so they will keep as far right as possible, making high speed driving a lot safer. German drivers are also required to take a first aid test to pass their license, and if they seem somebody in distress they are required by law to stop and to assist.
The roads are very well maintained to ensure smooth driving at high speeds, with 3.8 billion euros set to be spent annually on road maintenance.
There is actually a minimum speed limit of 60 km/h, and vehicles that cannot maintain this are prohibited. Slow driving can cause problems for people travelling at reasonable speeds on the road network, and to ensure that there are fewer accidents, this is controlled. It is also illegal to stop, unless in an absolute emergency. Even running out of fuel is held against you as there are fuel stations every 50-55 km along the network.
Despite the faster driving, accidents seem to be a lot less common than in the US. There were only 2.2 road user fatalities per a billion vehicle kilometres in 2008 compared to 4.5 road user fatalities in the US. It seems that, contrary to a multitude of information, fast driving can be conducted safely when users are properly schooled and enforcements are put in place for reckless driving.


Ride Sharing Apps


motor car poparide

For those looking to save a bit of money with their daily commute, there are a number of ride sharing possibilities. The idea is that when you have empty seats in your car, there will be people intending to go the same direction as you who can fill them up, and can offset the price of your fuel and potentially even bring in a profit by paying a minimal amount for those seats.

For the rider, this comes with a number of benefits. First and foremost is the cost - it is usually cheaper to pay for a journey through a ride sharing app than to pay for public transport or to buy a car for that matter. It also has the added benefit of social interaction, the possibility of making new connections, offsetting their carbon footprint by travelling effectively in a green way as the car would already be on the road anyway, and potentially door to door services.
The driver also benefits from this transaction. As well as receiving money for the seats in their car which would normally be empty, they also receive the social interaction and the possibility of making connections and they offset their carbon footprint to a certain degree. The benefit of the money makes the overall cost of travelling in the car cheaper, and if done on a daily basis can be incredibly effective.
This can be done for people who commute to work, although creating a car pool amongst people who live close to you who also work in your office might be a more effective and trustworthy method. It can also be used by people who travel home for the weekend, or for people who travel anywhere from anywhere. The apps effectively let you upload your intended travel trajectory, allowing passengers to search for trips that they intend to make and to find matches for that trip.
Users can not only take one passenger, but can fill up every empty seat in their car providing they have enough space for everybody another luggage.
One example of these apps is Poparide. Their mission is simple: to fill empty seats in cars and help people travel together. They do this by connecting drivers with people heading the same way. By sharing trips, they create a new type of travel that is more social, affordable and sustainable.
Poparide (app in photo) is now used by thousands of people across North America and is quickly becoming the preferred choice to travel between cities: it's faster, more affordable and social than other means of road transport. The Poparide platform is constantly improving thanks to member feedback. The team prides itself on building an evolving consumer product that helps people connect in the real world, and by increasing vehicle occupancy to reduce their impact on the environment.
There are a multitude of different apps on the market that all differ slightly. Some focus more on the daily commutes to and from work, and others like to home in on the environmental factors. Some even let you chose your ride based on factors like common interests and preferred choice of music.
For those looking to save a bit of money and to make a few new friends, this is a fantastic opportunity to turn your car journeys into something a little bit more.


The Benefits of an Automatic Car


The Benefits of an Automatic Car

As technology evolves, the humble automobile is become ever more developed to think for itself and the popularity of automatic cars are on the rise. In certain new world countries such as Australia and New Zealand, they have become standard where in other countries such as Great Britain, the majority of cars still tend to be of manual transmission.

There are a number of benefits to trading in your conventional manual transmission auto for an automatic. Perhaps the greatest advantage is for those times when you are sat in city rush hour traffic, stopping and starting at intolerable speeds through packed streets. When driving an automatic, you do not have constantly control the clutch and the gear stick to safely manoeuvre, which is tedious to say the least in a traffic jam, as all of the control is within the gas pedal, allowing you to relax a little and to move with ease, and to forget about the stress and frustration of always changing up and down to adapt to the situation.
Not only are automatic cars easier to drive in traffic, they are easier to drive in general. There are less controls to worry about as the car does most of the thinking for you. Controlling a clutch pedal is often the hardest thing for younger drivers, and to eliminate this factor makes driving less stressful, not to mention the ease of a hill start that has been the failing factor of many driving tests and, of course, without the need to synchronise a clutch pedal and a gear shift, it is extremely difficult to stall an automatic car, even if you are trying. Some countries even offer automatic driving licences, although this does restrict the user strictly to using automatic cars.
Also, with less driving technique to focus on, it is much easier to concentrate on your surroundings and the road before you. This is particularly effective for longer journeys that tend to become tiring and tedious, providing you don't find yourself bored from having so little to do to control your car. The simplicity and ease of mind of driving an automatic is hard to match in a manual transmission car.
Automatic cars tend to be easier to sell on the modern market as the appeal and demand for them is so much higher than that of a manual transmission car. This means they tend to hold more value over time.
Traditionally, manual cars have had better fuel economy as they tend to weigh less and, if driven by somebody with an economic conscious, where the driver has more control they are able to diminish the consumption by selecting higher gears where appropriate, however technology in automatic cars is quickly catching up to match this and these days there isn't too much difference between the two types of transmission. Some automatic cars even offer a fully manual or partially manual mode which can be selected when the driver wants more control of the vehicle, effectively creating the best of both worlds for the owner.


Why to love the Suzuki Swift


Why to love the Suzuki Swift

With so many supercars such as Ferraris and Porsches taking the spotlight, the Suzuki Swift keeps a relatively low profile in the world of automobiles, however it has been produced since 1983 and is still being developed, improved and manufactured to this day, it's continuation ensured by it's popularity worldwide.

In terms of value for money, the Suzuki Swift ticks a lot of boxes. It is the cheapest automatic car available in India. The engine can produce over 40 miles per gallon which enables one to fill up less and to get more distance out of their fuel than a lot of similar cars on the market such as the Ford Fiesta. It's cheap to initially purchase from $17,225 USD, and relatively reliable when it comes to maintaining the engine over time, keeping maintenance costs to a minimum.
For such a cheap car, the feel and build is not reflected in the price. Multiple users comment on the comfort of the interior during longer trips, even when they fill up the back seats of the three door with adults and children alike. Apart from the Suzuki Swift Sport, the Swift is cheap to insure, falling into the 11E group in the UK which, when compared to the Fiesta, is much more economic.
Considering it is equipped with a very modest 1.2 litre engine as standard, the Swift is incredibly quick and nimble, and when pushed around tight winding corners, often feels like driving a mini sports car with sharp steering, strong grip and smooth gear changes. The excellent suspension soaks up all of the unexpected bumps making a very smooth ride.
The Swift is still available with a manual gear box, while other manufacturers seem to focus on going fully automatic, although the automatic engine delivers even more milage to the gallon, reaching distances of up to 50.4 miles. There is an option to equip your Swift with Dualjet engine which lowers the running costs even more, even eliminating the need to pay road tax in certain countries.
One of the disadvantages of the Swift is the space. Being such a small car, manoeuvrability around tight city roads is not a problem and parking is child's play, but this does come at the sacrifice of a bit of comfort on the inside. For some taller users, the backseats might prove a little too tight, although some users have claimed this isn't a problem, and the high roof means you shouldn't encounter any problems with head room. Trying to fit larger amounts of luggage in the trunk can prove difficult with a capacity of just 211 cubic litres, particularly as most of the space is vertical so wider objects don't always fit.
After a crash test in 2010, the Swift was awarded a five star rating for safety and an impressive 94% score for occupancy protection. The car comes equipped with seven airbags, one even for the driver's knee. ESP and ABS are offered as standard on all models.
While not the most impressive car available, there are many reasons to love this little auto, particularly when you are trying to drive economically and for easy manoeuvring around tight city streets.


What is BioFuel


What is BioFuel motor world

The dictionary definition of biofuel is “a fuel derived from living matter”. This realistically means that it is a fuel that is a product of vegetables or animal fats, and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for powering vehicles around the world. Biofuels have been around for almost as long as cars have, as at the start of the 20th century Henry Ford planned to power his Model Ts with ethanol, and early diesel engines were proven to run on peanut oil.

Currently, bioenergy (which is energy produced from biofuels) contribute around 10% of the world's consumption, although most of this is unprocessed traditional fuels such as charcoal and firewood, mainly used by people in developing countries to cook and to heat their homes with. When biofuels are processed and sold as liquids such as biodiesel and ethanol, they can be used in vehicles to produce velocity.
Ethanol is a type of alcohol that is produced using any feedstock that contains a decent amount to sugar. Examples of this are sugar cane, sugar beet, maize and wheat. The sugar can be fermented into alcohol, and the starch can be converted to sugar which is then afterwards fermented into alcohol. The alcohol is burned, like petrol, to create an ignition in the engine. A litre of ethanol contains about 2/3 of the energy of a litre of petroleum.
Some diesel engines can be run on biodiesel, which can be made from vegetable oils, animal fats, or even leftover cooking oils from restaurants and meat processing facilities.
Biofuels produce less greenhouse gasses when they are burned, and unlike fossil fuels like petrol or diesel, as they are produced using new plants, in the process of developing the fuel some of the carbon dioxide is extracted from the atmosphere in the process of photosynthesis.
Biofuels are better for your engine than petrol. Often the two are mixed together to produce cleaner fuels, and they produce fewer emissions when burned. Your engine will run for longer and require less maintenance and using biofuels will also bring down the overall pollution check costs. As demand for biofuels rises, the cost is predicted to also fall, meaning eventually it is possible it will be cheaper per the kilometre to use biofuel over petrol.
Biofuel is renewable, and so when oil and gas reserves run dry, we will always be able to produce more biofuel. Although not completely green, biofuel is renewable and sustainable making it more effective in the long term than petrol, diesel and natural gas. For counties without reserves or crude oil, reducing their dependancy on fossil fuels and increasing their consumption of biofuels means more jobs will be created and will make their economies more secure.
Biofuel is expensive to produce, however if demand increases this is likely to decrease production costs. There are also concerns over farmers having to produce the same crop year after year and depriving their soil of certain nutrients. There is also a higher dependency on the use of fertilisers in the production of biofuel which can cause pollution to the immediate surroundings of the crop, especially water pollution.


Alternative uses for a car


car table automotive

Obviously the automobile has been designed with one intent in mind - to transport people or cargo from one point to another, however, as a tool, the humble car has been used in many ways since it's invention other than this. Here are just a few examples of how vehicles have been used in more ways than just moving people.

Camper vans - Not only will it move you from one point to another, but a camper van is effectively a mobile home. These come with incredibly versatile features to ensure you are getting the most efficiency out of the diminished living space in the back, including folding beds and chairs, stowaway tables, intelligent space design and rearrangeable furniture. Some of these are so advanced they even have flushing toilets and shower systems. There is a trend to convert old people carriers and estate vehicles into temporary camper vans amongst backpackers and travellers which involves turning the back seats into a comfortable bed, under which clever storage systems can be placed to keep everything you need, from camping stoves to cutlery and so on. While somewhat less advanced, this is usually considerably cheaper and an excellent way to travel if you don't mind getting in touch with the fine outdoors.
Filming - While modern technology is beginning to replace cars used for filming by using drones and systems based on rails, cars have been used extensively for filming and will probably be used for many years to come. You can acquire some really unique shots by filming from a moving platform, and when filming car chase scenes or any scenes involving transportation, it allows for a greater diversity of shots. Cameras can be attached to different parts of the car for different effects, or can be held and operated by people sitting inside the car. Sometimes, cars have even been modified to become remote controlled while holding filming equipment for shooting scenes.
Furniture - People have been using spare car parts for years to create furniture for their home. BBC's Top Gear famously turned an engine into a coffee table, and have also created living room seats from car seats, but other examples found online have been sofas made from car bodies, beds made from pickup trucks, BBQ's made from car grills, lamps made from suspension springs, coasters made from gears and other car parts, gear stick top wine stoppers and of course, the old tire swing. Vintage cars seem to be most commonly used for their aesthetic effect, but using cars and car parts to decorate your home creates a very unique, retro and quirky style.
Music - in 2009, Julian Smith composed a piece of music designed to be played on a Jeep. He placed microphones in and around the vehicle and connected them to a sound desk before several people created sounds using the car doors, the horn, the engine, the ignition, jump cables, and even the seat adjustment buttons and arranged them to create a techno style piece of music all filmed in one take. This goes to show that with a little imagination, incredibly unique and creative ideas can come from every day objects.


Alternatives to Gasoline


Electric cars 2019 motor world

The world's oils supplies are quickly diminishing, and with so many households owning more cars that the number of people they contain, the demand for alternative methods of fuelling transport is ever increasing. Here is a brief insight into some alternatives that are currently on the market and the benefits of using them.

Alcohol or Ethanol
This is made using distilled crops such as corn, barley or wheat. These are renewable sources, although are sometimes blended with petroleum to improve emissions and increase octane levels. Where food sources are used to create this fuel, food prices can potentially increase and availability of them could potentially decrease, so it doesn't come without a price.
Electric cars are effectively refuelled by charging a battery, and there is already an extensive electric network installed in many countries. Electric cars are by far the greenest mode of private transportation, despite the fact that a lot of the electricity is produced using natural gas, coal or oil. If electric cars run on fuel cells, they do not rely on combustion and therefore do not create emissions that harm the environment.
These are the new electric vehicles coming later this 2019: Audi e-tron, Mercedes-Benz EQC, Mini Electric, BMW i3, Nissan Leaf e+, Porsche Taycan, Kia Niro EV, Volvo all-electric XC40, Hyundai Kona Electric, The $35,000 Tesla.
This alternative fuel is made using vegetable oils or animal fats, occasionally recycled from restaurants after they have finished cooking with them. It can come in either it's pure form or be combined with petroleum, the product of which can even be used in unmodified engines.
Certain internal combustion engines can use a mixture of hydrogen and natural gas as an alternative fuel. The positive of this method is that there are no harmful emissions, however it is a very expensive method to use and there is no real infrastructure in most places to support this system. The power is created using a reaction between the hydrogen and the oxygen.
Sometimes referred to as liquified petroleum gas or LPG, this byproduct of natural gas processing and crude oil refining is also used for cooking and heating. It does produce harmful emissions, although less than gasoline, although one of the major disadvantages is the excess of methane which is very harmful to our atmosphere and the rise in global warming issues.
Natural Gas
Like propane, natural gas produces high levels of methane, although overall it produces less harmful emissions than petroleum or diesel. It is quite easily accessible in countries that use it frequently in households for cooking and heating.
The most popular alternative to petroleum is diesel. Diesel engines are considered more efficient and require less maintenance than gas engines. Over time, the development of diesel engines has reduced excess noise that was initially quite a large problem. Diesel engines tend to deliver 25 - 30% better fuel economy. Diesel used to be cheaper than petroleum, however now the prices have risen and they are often much the same per a litre, and as the demand for diesel increases due to more consumers using it for heating and transportation, the price will only rise. Diesel still omits harmful emissions to the atmosphere and is not a long term solution for the shortage on petrol.


Volkswagen Camper Bus


Volkswagen Camper Bus

Officially labelled the Volkswagen Type 2, the VW Camper has become renowned all over the world as an iconic image of both the worlds of travelling and automobiles. Following the Type 1, more commonly known as the Volkswagen Beetle, this was the second car model to be produced by Volkswagen and was introduced in 1950. Production of the Type 2 ceased in December 2013 in Brazil which contained the last factory to produce the vehicle. The end of it's production marks the last production of rear-engined Volkswagens.

The idea to create a van came about when a dutch man named Ben Pon visited Wolfsburg in 1946 with the intention of importing Volkswagen Type 1s to the Netherlands, but decided something better could be designed using some of the parts he saw in the factory. He sketched a design in 1947, and when the factory had the capacity to create more automobiles, the Type 2 started it's journey to becoming the camper van we know and love today.
The original prototypes had bad aerodynamics, and so after some tests the windshield and roofline were split into the iconic V shape to reduce wind resistance, but otherwise the design stuck fairly closely to the original sketch. in 1951 Volkswagen produced an ambulance using the Type 2, repositioning the fuel tank and adding a spare tire and tailgate rear door, which became standard features in the 1955 to 1967 revisions. The Type 2 was one of the first commercial vehicles to place the driver in front off the front axis, which is a configuration referred to as “forward control” and was adapted by several other companies such as Ford, Dodge and Citroën. There have been many different designs since it's initiation into the market, and the Type 5 Volkswagen Van was even based on many of the same features.
It became extremely popular in the 1960s amongst the hippie counter culture and is still seen as a hippie icon today. It is frequently used in brochures to promote travel and road trips as well as music and festivals, and has immersed itself amongst many different cultures throughout modern history. There are even tents available that mimic the design of the camper bus for those who are unable to afford the car itself but still want the camping experience of sleeping inside one.
In January 2017, Volkswagen revealed intentions to reintroduce the Volkswagen bus to the market, featuring the distinctive two tone design and diverting away from the traditional gas engine to be powered instead by two electric motors. Other concepts included the ability to drive fully autonomously after the driver pushed a button that would retract the steering wheel into the cockpit allowing the car to take over using a combination of laser scanners, radar sensors and cameras to monitor activity on the road, an augmented reality dashboard that can hook up to the drivers smartphone, and a range of 373 miles. The Grand California (in the photo) is expected to become available around 2020, but it has not been confirmed whether or not the car will actually go into production. Currently in 2019 the most similar options from VW are Caravelle and California, two awesome rides.


Benefits of using Diesel


Benefits of using Diesel

in Europe, diesel cars make up about 50% of the total cars on the road, however only about 3% in the US. While petrol engines rely on ignition and a spark to create velocity, diesel engines use compression. Air is drawn into the motor and subjected to high compression as it heats up.

The fuel emits less carbon dioxide gas, which is the main contributor to greenhouse gasses creating a global warming problem. The engines do, however, produce higher amounts of nitrogen oxide which can be linked to serious health hazards and also produces more smog.
The fuel also contains more energy than petrol which means that users tend to acquire 20 - 40% better fuel economy, allowing some diesel cars to travel as far as 700 miles on a single tank of gas, due to being one of the most dense and energy efficient fuels on the market. They even deliver better fuel economy than gasoline-electric hybrid motors. Initially, diesel fuel was a lot cheaper than petrol by the gallon, however prices tend to be roughly the same on today's markets, but providing these higher prices don't succeed the 20-40% margin set by the stronger fuel economy, diesel will remain cheaper overall than traditional gasoline.
The engines are designed to withstand more compression, and therefore, tend to last a lot longer before they require major reparation work than standard petrol engines. Mercedes Benz holds a record for clocking over 900,000 miles on a car's original diesel engine. Engine reliability and lifetime longevity can have serious benefits to trade-in and resale values. When you do have to pay for maintenance, it can be a little more costly as diesel engines tend to include more technology than petrol engines.
Modern diesel engines tend to be faster from a standing start. Because of how the diesel fuel is burned, more torque is provided to the driveshaft. For the same reasons, diesel engines tend to have an increased haulage capacity, making it a popular choice for larger vehicles and for commercial trucking companies. They may be faster off the starting line, but petroleum engines tend to be faster overall, however diesel engines tend to be stronger and more enduring, despite being a little slower.
Technology is constantly improving for diesel engines and they are forever becoming cleaner and emitting lower emissions due to specialised catalytic converters, advanced sisters and other devices cutting down and destroying toxic emissions. These advancements have also eliminated some of the earlier problems with diesel linked to excessive noise problems and have also reduced maintenance costs. They are also less likely to spew black smoke out of the exhaust, which made early users believe the fuel was dirty and worse for the environment than petrol.
Diesel cars retain their value a lot longer than their petroleum counterparts. According to ALG, compact diesel cars held 63% of their value after 36 months, whereas gasoline cars only retained 53%.
Since 2006, every car to win the 24 hour race Le Mans burned diesel instead of petrol, proving it's ability for endurance and longer journeys over petrol cars.


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